As an instructional coach, one of the most common concerns I hear from teachers is the lack of student motivation. Students are not interested in the material, are disengaged, disruptive, and lacking initiative. The Common Core State Standards are rigorous standards with higher levels of texts at each grade level than the present standards in most cases. If my students are not motivated now – what is going to happen when the curriculum becomes more challenging?
Make student engagement a daily component of lesson planning
Here are the daily strategies to keep learners focused and engaged in learning adapted from The Highly Engaged Classroom (Marzano, Pickering & Heflebower, 2011).
Positive student-teacher relationships
Students are more invested in the learning process when they have a positive relationship with their teacher. Struggling students tend to work hard for teachers they like and underperform when they do not have a positive relationship with their teacher. I am not giving students a free pass and putting the entire burden of motivation on the teacher but ask yourself these questions:
Am I doing everything I can to get to know all of my students and let them know I care about them as individuals?
How can I gather positive information about students?
How can I show interest and concern today?
Provide lots of SPECIFIC verbal feedback
Positive is best but any feedback that is specific gives students the information they need to improve and as a result encourages them. When a teacher takes the time to say, “That summary is excellent because you have really made tremendous improvement using your paraphrasing strategies!” shows students you really are paying attention to all of the details of their learning and they feel KNOWN as individuals. It also shows you are also working very hard to make sure they learn and students always respect that.
Tracking Progress Visually
I have found one of the most motivating strategies is to have students track their own progress. This is something often used at the elementary level but seems to dissipate as students age. Adolescents respond very well to tracking their own progress in a visual manner and many students are visual learners so this strategy really resonates with them. Most students respond very positively to monitoring their own growth on learning targets. It is a great tool for students used in tandem with providing specific feedback.
Demonstrating “Intensity and Enthusiasm”
In our data-driven culture, which I encourage, we must remember that teaching is a “feeling” profession. We already discussed the importance of building relationships but another key component of engaging students is showing our own enthusiasm for teaching and learning. Our feelings about what skills and concepts we are teaching play a very large role in how students will respond. Find areas in the curriculum that you can show extreme enthusiasm about. Share personal stories and make as many connections as you can to bring the material to life.
We all share a common goal; student learning. We want our students to do well and succeed. A combination of a skills-based curriculum around the Common Core and a focused attention in providing an environment through positive relationships and motivation will help our students be more engaged learners.
For those of you who attended the Rising Student Achievement Conference in St.Charles, IL in December, we have attached our PowerPoint presentation here.
Core 4 All would like to thank all of you who have been reading our posts and have participated in our staff development training sessions and workshops. We have really enjoyed meeting and working with so many great educators. Your students are lucky to have such dedicated professionals as yourselves.
If you haven’t done so yet, please get a copy of our eBook titled Implementing the Common Core. It will provide you with a framework to building curriculum around the Common Core.
Finally, we want to wish everyone a very happy and healthy holiday season. 2011 showed us that collectively, we can make a difference in preparing our students to be the leaders of tomorrow. We are looking forward to an even better 2012. Have a Happy New Year.